The rainy season as we all know is a perfect breeding ground for germs and bacteria courtesy stagnant water which in turn lead to various water borne diseases that affect our way of life adversely. Notably, diseases such as malaria, cold, flu or gastroenteritis crop up to threaten our wellbeing.
In addition to the above, diseases which are related to monsoon can be water borne, vector borne or due to over exposure to water or rain. Water borne disease can be cholera, typhoid, hepatitis A or Diarrhoea whereas vector borne diseases can be malaria, dengue or haemorrhagic fever. Over exposure to rain can cause hypothermia, respiratory tract infections or leptospirosis.
Mosquito borne diseases are quite common during monsoons as mosquitoes feed on stagnant water and make it their breeding ground. The most common disease which is caused due to mosquito bites is Malaria which is carried by the female anopheles mosquito. The symptoms of malaria might include severe fever with chills, body ache, sweating and cold like symptoms. Following up close to malaria is dengue which is probably the most notorious monsoon disease caused by the aedes mosquito. The symptoms include high fever, bleeding gums, loss of appetite and pain behind the eyes.
Cholera is also another monsoon disease which regularly outbreaks during the monsoon through food and water due to contaminated food or water or lack of poor sanitation and lack of proper sewage system. The symptoms of cholera might include severe and effortless vomiting, low blood pressure, loss of skin elasticity and rapid weight loss and muscle cramps due to hydration.
In addition to the above typhoid is also prevalent during monsoons which are caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. Popular symptoms include poor appetite and lethargy, abdominal pain and fever. Notwithstanding the above mentioned, Hepatitis A is also prevalent during monsoon mainly because it is an acute infectious disease and it spreads through contaminated stool, food, water or close personal contact with the infected person. Symptoms include fatigue, nausea, appetite loss and dark amber coloured urine.
All of the above mentioned diseases can be cured or prevented by resorting to simple precautions like avoiding food or water which has a high probability of being contaminated. Also, maintaining strict personal hygiene ensures protection against most water borne diseases. Increasing the intake of vitamin C either in natural form or as a food supplement helps in increasing the immunity levels of the body.